Biotechnology: the arrival of emerging countries

Biotechnology is a fast-growing scientific and economic sector, all over the world. The Groupe de recherche sur l'internationalisation de la biotechnologie (Research Group on the Internationalization of Biotechnology), directed by Jorge Niosi from Université du Québec à Montréal, is examining the international dissemination of biotechnology-related information, particularly in eight emerging countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Korea, India, Mexico and Singapore). The Group has analyzed the biotechnology-related publications, patents and documentation produced by these countries, and has conducted interviews in companies, public laboratories and with relevant authorities. 

The Group has observed that these eight countries are catching up to more developed countries when it comes to scientific publications. The number of articles being published is increasing more rapidly there than in the rest of the world or in the USA, although the latter is still the uncontested leader when it comes to patents, commercialization and the creation of new pharmaceuticals. For their part, Argentina, India and China are beginning to produce and export unpatented biopharmaceuticals, such as recombinant insulin and growth hormones. 

The research Group organized biotechnology symposia at HEC Montréal in 2008 and 2009. The first results on the evolution of biotechnology in China were presented at the Chinese Economic Society annual conference in Macao in March 2009. The revised text from the conference will be submitted for publication in the Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies. Major papers were also presented at the International Schumpeter Society conference in Denmark in June 2010, and the Centre d'Études du Développement International et des Mouvements Économiques et Sociaux international symposium in November 2010. The latter paper has been submitted for publication in the journal Technological Forecasting and Social Change

The Group's work is making it possible to follow the worldwide evolution of a fast-growing sector and to understand its emerging dynamics.


Groupe de recherche sur l'internationalisation de la biotechnologie


Jorge Niosi, Université du Québec à Montréal

Regular members

  • Petr Hanel, Université de Sherbrooke 
  • Silvia Ponce, HEC Montréal 
  • Susan Reid, Université Bishop's