The French language presented in the most widely used dictionaries and grammar books is essentially based on the French used in France. This approach marginalizes the French used in other francophone countries, in particular in Quebec.
French-speaking since its origins and deeply North American due to its history, Quebec, as everyone knows, has developed a French experience that is different from that in Europe. Furthermore, Quebec has its own distinctive linguistic needs that are not adequately met by references based on the French used in France.
The Centre d'analyse et de traitement informatique du français québécois (Centre for the Computer Analysis and Processing of Quebec French), directed by Louis Mercier from Université de Sherbrooke, is working on producing a global description of contemporary Quebec French. The centre is contributing to clarifying the relationships of the Quebec people to their language and to improving the general framework of language research in Quebec. It has the additional goal of developing instrumentation and expertise adapted to the linguistic concerns of the scientific community, and reference tools suited to the needs of Quebec society.
The centre is on the point of completing the Dictionnaire de la langue française - Le français vu du Québec, which contains some 40,000 articles and will be diffused on line. The methodological and computer innovations developed during its creation constitute a major advance in the fields of computational lexicology and lexicography. These gave rise to technology transfers (in particular with the Office québécois de la langue française) and enabled collaboration with various partners including the Ministry of Education, Leisure and Sport and the Secrétariat à la politique linguistique.
The centre has other projects designed to address the concerns of the scientific community, such as the Corpus du français parlé au Québec and a database of Quebec language columns ChroQué.
Centre d'analyse et de traitement informatique du français québécois
Louis Mercier, Université de Sherbrooke
- Hélène Cajolet, Université de Sherbrooke
- Karine Collette, Université de Sherbrooke
- Gaétane Dostie, Université de Sherbrooke
- Chantal-Édith Masson, Université de Sherbrooke
- Sophie Piron, Université du Québec à Montréal
- Wim Remysen, Université de Sherbrooke