This thesis examines the impact of individual attributes and environmental risk factors on youth gambling, substance and deviant behaviour problems.
Using a cross-sectional design, regression analyses indicated that among a sample of mostly first-generation immigrant adolescents from low-income homes, social bonding was associated with a decrease in problem severity, while peer and community risk factors were associated with increased problem severity.
Social competence is associated with an increase in substance problems and deviant behaviour.
In addition, personal competence was associated with a decrease in deviant behaviour only, while family risk factors were associated with an increase in both substance problems and deviant behaviour.
Interestingly, social competence was associated with an increase in substance problems and deviant behaviour. In terms of protective factors, individual attributes were found to have a putative moderating effect on the relationship between environmental risk and deviant behaviour. The findings are discussed with respect to the roles of compensatory, risk and protective factors.
Isabelle Lussier, McGill University
Call for proposals
Deposit of the thesis: April 2010