Étudiant-chercheur étoile August 2013

Maxime Morin

PhD student in History
Université Laval

Award-winning publication: Le traité de Dummer et la résolution des conflits anglo-amérindiens au XVIIIe siècle

Published in: Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2012, p. 95-108


"My chapter elucidates the inner workings of the conflict resolution process between the Europeans and Amerindians in the colonial period. Through the treaty of alliance known as Dummer's Treaty (or the Treaty of 1725), which was signed, ratified and renewed fifteen times between 1725 and 1754, I explain how the practice of written treaties in colonial North America builds on the Amerindian's diplomatic rituals. I also highlight the treaty's inherent misunderstanding on the Amerindians' status under the alliance with the British crown. While the repeated use of Dummer's Treaty is in line with the Amerindian logic to renew alliances, the British considered the document as proof of the peoples' submission to the British king."

The study brings to light treaty misinterpretations, especially with regards to the status of the Amerindian peoples and their allegiance to the British power. Understanding the Anglo-Amerindian conflict resolution process in the colonial era and, more specifically, the treaty practice, remains a current issue since the claims of Canadian First Nations are often based on different interpretations of the alliance treaties signed during the colonial period, as evidenced in the 20th century Mi'kmaq claims stemming from Dummer's Treaty. By providing a greater understanding of the significance of the alliance treaty, Maxime Morin's work contributes to clarifying the historical and legal interpretations of the underpinnings of the past, present and future political demands by Aboriginal peoples.